This body of work, which echoes some much earlier pieces, takes everyday functional objects such as tools and removes their function but not their concept of function. Their utilitarianism has been muted, covered, or bound. They become dysfunctional, quiet, and defused. Some even become odd clowns in their costumes as seen in the trap and hammer in white feathers. The shovel wrapped in white fabric and plaster becomes protected and quiet. The glass-handled hammer becomes fragile. Some of these objects I have simply given a skin or yet another skin, a layered skin.